Travel> Asia – Asia

About Asia

Asia or more of the six continents of the Earth. It occupies an area 43,82 million square kilometers. That occupies about 8,7% of the total surface of the planet and 30% the land.
Asia travel china great wall of xian
It is also the continent with most residents. With roughly the population 60% world population. (According to the average estimate of the United Nations population for 2015 its population is estimated at 4.393.000.000 residents.).

Asia natural borders

Asia travel china shanghai tower

To the west is united with the European peninsula. Natural border with Europe is the Ural Mountains, the Caspian Sea, Caucasus, the Black Sea and the Hellespont. From Africa to Asia divided by the Suez Canal and the Red Sea.

To the south is washed by the Indian Ocean, on the east by the Pacific Ocean. While the Bering Strait separates it from the American continent and particularly from Alaska. To the north bordering the Arctic Ocean.

Asia and historical cultures 3.000 B.C.

Asia travel china terracotta army

Archaeological findings prove that Asia has been inhabited for thousands of years and has hosted notable people in its territory.

The first historical civilizations placed in a season three thousand years before the birth of Christ. Three main cultural centers were in Asia.

The first center was near the current Mesopotamian and placed chronologically around 3.000 B.C. In this region the first civilizations that created them Sumerians.

Around the same time another civilization developed in the second center, in the current area India.

also, the same era China, considered the third center of Asian culture, created the first Chinese state organization with the dynasty Chiang – Yin.

The place of origin of the Aryan race

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The central part of Asia was probably the place of origin Aryan race which reached a part of the Ganges River and created the Vedic culture, while another part arrived in Europe.

Among those people who arrived in Europe and Hellenes. Subsequently, remarkable civilization created by Arabs, while later Mongols led by Genghis Khan They created the great Mongolian empire.

 

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Time zones from UTC + 02:00 to UTC + 12:00

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About Thailand

Thailand. The kingdom is the only country in Southeast Asia that has never met colonial yoke, nor their

Flag of Thailand

civil wars and tribal conflicts, that occasionally hit other countries in the region.

This achievement is celebrated and name: Thailand or Prathet Thai, means "the land of the free».

The endorsement but more features, It is the nickname "land of smiles". Visitors to Thailand are impressed by the smiles that dominate everywhere.

Everything is here, even the most tedious work must contain little dose “sanouk” (mirth).

 

Bordering Laos and Cambodia in the East, Bay Thailand and Malaysia at South, the Andaman Sea and Burma to the west.

Temple in Thailand

Thailand is also known as Siam, as was the official name of the country until 1949.

The national holiday is the birthday of His Majesty the King, at 5 December.

History

The origin of Thailand is traditionally associated with Sukhothai kingdom founded in 1238. In the mid-14th century, the Sukhothai kingdom gives the baton to an even higher realm of Ayutthaya.

The Siamese name remained until 11 May 1949, they renamed Thailand.

The culture of Thai influenced mainly by Chinese, but also from the Indian culture. Contact with various European powers began in the 16th century, but despite the constant pressure, Thailand is the only Southeast Asian country not occupied by any European power.

Visitors today will encounter, an ancient civilization, against a strong presence.

The official calendar in Thailand is based on Buddhist Period, which is 543 years ahead of the western calendar. For example, The year 2000 A.D. is equal to the year 2543 pygas.

Capital and largest city: Bangkok
official languages: Thai
polity: Crowned Democracy
Population 66.188.503 (2017)
Coin: baht (THB)
time zone: (UTC +7)
Leading from left
dialing code: +66

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About India

India, or officially the Republic of India is a country in South Asia. It is the second largest country in the world population, with 1.210.193.422 residents, and the seventh largest in area with 3.287.590 sq ..[5] Extending between the Himalaya Mountains and the Indian Ocean from the designated south, southwest and southeast. It borders east with Bangladesh and Burma, north China and Bhutan states, Nepal, northwest Pakistan, while the west bordering the Arabian Sea and south-southeast of the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal.

India, during its history it has been the cradle and crossroads of many important cultures and religions. During the 18th century gradually subjugated UK, while the 1947 gained independence after generalized self-determination struggle marked by non-violent reactions. Today India is one of the fastest growing economies, although poverty remains strong social phenomenon.

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About China

China is state of Asia. Its area is 9.560.973 square. km., ie. is the third largest country in the world after Russia and Canada, and the population is 1.154.887.381 residents, the most populous state in the world.

The borders are defined by: NE bordering B. Korea and Russia and A bordering the Yellow Sea, Eastern and Chinese from southern Sinica Sea. In the south it borders with the Member Vietnam, People, Burma, Bhutan, Nepal and India. In the west it borders with Pakistan, Afghanistan and Tajikistan. To the north it borders with Russia and Mongolia. NW with Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan. China is the political 1949 Democratic Republic.

Its capital is Beijing, old imperial capital, with 9.500.000 residents. Other cities are Shanghai (12.500.000 K.), Nanking 2.500.000 cat., Tien – Qin 8.100.000 cat., Tsegos – Chu 1.650.000 K. The official language is Chinese (koan – Hoa), but also other spoken languages ​​and dialects of local importance, as the Mongolian and Tibetan. Currency of the country is Yan.

Singularity present in the Chinese way of writing. They use so called ideograms, ie. symbols that mean a whole concept. Their words are monosyllabic and change their meanings depending on the tone of voice and the way they are pronounced. Important role played by position words are. There are some special words, the roots, 214 the number, where, when they added next to another word, give a different meaning. The population is composed of Chinese v 95%, While the remainder 5% (somewhere 40.000.000) Mongolians are, Tibetans etc.. The terrain presents many images and peculiarities. Generally designated as mountainous.

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About Vietnam

Vietnam officially called the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is a country in Southeast Asia, the second most populous country with a communist regime in the world. It has a total area 331.690 square kilometers and is bordered north by the People's Republic of China, west with Laos and Cambodia, while east, south and southwest bordering the Gulf of Tonkin waters, the South China Sea and the Gulf of Thailand. Capital of the country is Hanoi, located north, but larger urban center is the city of Ho Chi Minh City, in the south, which until 1976 called Saigon. According to estimates of 2014 The population of Vietnam is 91.583.000 residents.

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About Japan

H Name of Japan in Japanese are Nihon or Nippon

Area: 377,800 square. kilometers. The area of ​​Japan is slightly larger than Italy and Norway. It consists of more than 6.800 Islands, of which the main ones are: Honshu (Honshu), Hokkaido (Hokkaido), Kyushu (Kyushu) and Shikoku (Shikoku). These four islands are the 98% the total area of ​​the country.

Population: According to the data of September 2003, The Japanese population is in 127,5 million people (It is the ninth most populous country in the world). The population has doubled since the first national census 1920 (about 56 million inhabitants). In recent years the rate of population growth has slowed. The growth rate of the 2001 calculated in 0,29%, well below the world average in the period of 1990-95. Japan is one of the most densely populated countries in the world, with 341,4 residents (2000) per square kilometer. The average lifespan is to men the 77 years and for women the 84 years (1998).

Cities: The 11 major Japanese cities is: Tokyo (12.059.000), Yokohama (3.426.000), Osaka (2.598.000), Nagoya (2.171.000), Sapporo (1.822.000), Kobe (1.493.000), Kyoto (1.464.000), Fukuoka (1.290.000), Kawasaki (1.208.000), Hiroshima (1.113.000), και Kitakyushu (1.020.000).

Climate: The Japanese archipelago stretches 1800 miles, from north to south so the Japanese climate has great variety. The northernmost part of Japan has the same latitude as the Quebec while the southern has the same latitude as the United States Florida. Most areas in Japan have rainy season, from mid-June to mid-August. Also often presented hurricanes, from August to October.

Religion: The two main religions in Japan are Buddhism and Shinto.

Constitution: Constitutional monarchy.

Symbol of State: According to the Japanese Constitution, Emperor is the symbol of the state. There have powers relating to the governance of the country and only performs operations defined by syntagma.O current emperor is Akihito, born on 23 December 1933 and is the eldest son of Emperor Hirohito and Empress Nagkako.

Legislative authority: The Japanese parliament is the legislative organ of state. It consists of two parts, of Representatives (500, 4-year tenure) and Directors (252, 6year term).

Flag and national anthem: The Japanese flag called Chinomarou (Hinomaru). The sun is depicted on the flag of the 17th century. The national anthem of Japan called Kimigkagio (Kimigayo). The composition of music was about a century ago, but the lyrics were written for 1000 years.

Education: The Japanese education is based 6-3-3-4 system. Compulsory schooling extends from the age of 6 up to age 15 years. The 94.6 % teenagers then still in high school and more than 1/3 students follow higher education (Universities and professional schools).

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